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新搜搜pk10投注网

2018-04-23

ѶĿǰǾҪɶ֮һFlipkart;ģʽҲΪӽҵʿ߱ʾѶɹҪעFlipkart֮ĻTheinitiativecanbeatruly"gamechanging"proposalprovideditisabletofostertrustandconfidenceamongmemberstates.Theinitiativeshouldgobeyondbilateralprojecttransactionstopromoteregionalandmultilateralpolicyframeworksandsustainability.ItistruethattheinitiativewillgeneratemutualbenefitsforChinaanditspartners.However,theeconomic,socialandenvironmentalcostsandbenefitsvaryacrosscorridors,dependingontheterrain,stateofdevelopment,productivecapacitiesandtrafficflows.Researchhasshownthatinitiativecorridorswillentailhigherbenefitsifpartnercountrieslowercrossbordertransactioncostsandimporttariffs.Forinstancea30percentdeclineinbothofthesewouldgenerateeconomicgainsof1.8percentgrowthinGDPforChinaandanywherefrom5.3to16.9percentGDPforotherparticipatingmembercountries.Improvingthequalityofinfrastructureincountrieswithlessefficienttraderegimesandborderadministrationmayresultinonlylimitedexportgains.Ouranalysissuggeststhata1percentimprovementintradefacilitationprocedures,qualityoftransportinfrastructureandinformationandcommunicationtechnologywilldeliver1.5,0.7and1.4percentincreasesinexports,respectively.Gainsarehigherforcorridorswheretradeagreementsmayalreadyexist.Withnearlytwo-thirdsofinitiativecountriesfacingenergydeficits,theinitiativeneedstocomplementandsupplementthesubregionalenergyconnectivityinitiatives.Thereismuchscopetodeveloppowergrids,promotesmart,greenandintegratedpowerandgasmarkets,harnesscross-bordergasandoilpipelinesfromresourcerichCentralAsiatoSouthandEastAsia.DrawingontheinitiativesoftheStateGridCorporationofChinaandtheGlobalEnergyInterconnectionDevelopmentCooperationOrganizationtopromoteglobalenergyinterconnectionscanenhancetheregion"senergysecurityandadvancesustainableenergyaccess.ItisalsoevidentthatICThastobeanessentialfoundationfortheinitiativeasitcanharnesscrosssectoralsynergies.E-resilienceofICTcanbeenhancedthroughincreasingdiversifiedandredundantfiberopticcables,raisingbandwidth,developingnationalICTinfrastructure,andloweringfixed-broadbandpricesasapercentageofpercapitagrossnationalincome.Theseactionscanhelpdevelopuniformqualityofservicesbetweenendpointswhichwillfacilitatetrafficdelivery,ensurelowtransitcosts,andefficientInternettrafficmanagementusingInternetexchangepoints.Whilethesocialbenefitsofsomecorridorsarehigh,thereisneedtoadoptmoreinclusiveapproachestocopewithsocialrisks.Forexample,connectingtheinitiativetoremoteareaswithnewmulti-countrycorridorswouldenableruralindustrializationandhelpnarrowurban-ruralgaps.ItisthereforeimportantthatsynergiesandcomplementaritiesbetweentheobjectivesoftheinitiativeandtheSDGscanhelpcreateawin-winsolution,particularlyasregionalcooperationandintegrationwillfacilitaterealizationoftransboundarygoals.Theinitiativewithitsunprecedentedambitionandscaleentailsenormouscomplexitiesandchallenges;however,itoffersphenomenalopportunitiestoputAsiaonawell-balancedgrowthandsustainabledevelopmentpath.Theauthorisanunder-secretary-generaloftheUnitedNationsandtheexecutivesecretaryoftheEconomicandSocialCommissionforAsiaandthePacific.乫APIͼ۶߻Ŀǰƽ¹֧48Ԫ

ŮǾͼסһţп㷭ԽԽʱЩLOEWEοRMB4488barneys.comM.I.HJEANSοRMB1930matchesfashion.comSJYPοRMB1795ssense.comASOSοRMB325asos.comDSQUARED2οRMB5316farfetch.comFRAMEοRMB2672net-a-porter.comStylenandaοRMB311stylenanda.comҲԼְͨţпǵԽԽʱŶ~˵ţпĿʽһϾͻᱻڱ߷ߵüҪ˫Ѳеӵ˭һǹ˵Ϊе˵߻ΪʲôǩͣսЭҪǾǹ˲ҪһһʱеĿܾʹҾսϵĻλκдڵֻڼСҲΪĶƥʵĵʸзḻִ֮ƶʮ˼˵ϲ

Ŀǰг԰ǻֻؽȻлʾѰһڰйӦԹڵս簬̲ͽ˲Լ̲ݿƵֱ2017317Ͼ֤ȯ

ϳɹԽ3ܴһζԽӺȶִ6֮Andthisproblemshouldbemuchaccountedof,Listressed,varioussocialproblemsmaybecausedbyit,ifpropertydeveloperscouldntgainreflowoffundsandevengobankrupt,itsalsodifficulttosolvelargeamountsofmigrantworkersaccruedsalary.Sincepropertytaxhasbeenofficiallyannoucedimpossibletolaunchduringthisyear"stwosesssions,butLibelievesthereisstillapossibilitythatitwouldbeintroducedinthecomingyearsasanalternativetochargingalandtransferfeeswhenstate-ownedpropertyleasesareupforrenewal."Aproblemthatourauthorityhasbefacedupwithisamountsoflandsusagetermareabouttoexpired.Theusagetermoflandsforcommercialuseis40years,industriallandsandresidentiallandsare50yearsand70yearrespectively.Especiallyforresidentiallands,iftheirlandusagetermsexpireandresidentsareaskedtopaylandtransferfeesforanothertermthatmeansalargeamountofmoneyandwould,obviously,beunbearableforthem.Withthisinmind,collectingpropertytaxmaybeagoodwayinsteadofpayingland-transferfees,andmaydefinitelymakeresidentsfeelmuchbetter,"Lisaid.PreviouslymostofLi"sproposalsrelatetothepropertymarket,thisyearhehasalsodrawnonhisexperienceasvicechairmanofChinaSiyuanFoundationforPovertyAlleviation,toputforwardaproposalaroundmanagementofnon-profitorganizationsoperation.Moreemphasisshouldbeputonimprovingtransparencyofnon-profitorganizations,Lisaid."Aswehaveseen,manynegativenewshappenedinthisareathroughlastyear,almostledtoacrisisofconfidenceamongthepublictosomedegree.Itsvitaltokeepdonorsinformedaboutthecapitalflowsofthedonations."Hehasalsosuggestedscrappingtheratingsystemfornot-for-profitsarguingthereislittledifferenceinthecategories."Iftheresnodifferenceinfund-raisingbetweena5Aorganizationanda4Aone,whybothertogivearatingforthemAfterallNGOsarenotlikehotelsorrestaurants.Tothepublic,itsthetranparencythatreallymatterswhentheywanttoknowwhetherapublicfundingfoundationisoperatinganactualgoodpublicwelfareprogram."Liexplained.һ׮ǰչڱչ7˱̰ܻһơơл߷粨

ӱϸֳѯʻϤ軨ܱȽϴһ˺ѰᶯͼƬƾͱȽϸƲʷչȥԺƺƶнˮ˼˵

ղķ˹÷¡ղķ˹÷¡ڵӰͬ׹ִޱȫƬ̩̹˺š͡߾һ漣NEWYORKChineseconglomerateHNAGroupCoisleadingadealtoacquireManhattan"s245ParkAvenuefor$2.21billion,oneofthehighestpriceseverpaidforaNewYorkskyscraper,twopeoplewithknowledgeofthenegotiationssaid.HNAmaybeinvolvedwithatleastonepartneronthepurchase,saidthepeople,whoaskednottobenamed.The158,000-square-meterofficetower,withtenantsincludingJPMorganChaseCo,isbeingsoldbyBrookfieldPropertyPartnersLPandits49percentpartnerinthepropertytheNewYorkStateTeachers"RetirementSystem.Thedeal,shoulditbecompleted,wouldbringChineseownershiptotheheartofmidtownManhattan"sfinancialcore:thetowerslocatedjustnorthofGrandCentralTerminalalongParkAvenue.JPMorgan"sprincipalexecutiveofficeisat270Park,diagonallyacrossEast47thStreetfrom245Park.ClementWei,aspokesmanforHNA,didnotreplytoanemail.HNAhasmadeastringofacquisitionslately,totalingmorethan$30billionsincelastyear,accordingtodatacompiledbyBloomberg.ItstargetshaveincludedhoteloperatorHiltonWorldwideHoldingsInc,technologyfirmIngramMicroInc,assetmanagerSkyBridgeCapitalandearlierthismonththecompanythatrunsCaijingmagazine"swebsiteBLOOMBERGͨƶҵ൱

ձΪŷڲҪԷҲLONDON-ScottishNationalistPartyleaderNicolaSturgeontookherbattleforanewindependencereferendumtotheScottishParliamentTuesdayinherbiggestchallengesofartotheBritishgovernmentatWestminster.Sturgeon,FirstMinisteratHolyroodwheretheSNPisthelargestparty,startedatwo-daydebatecallingforthepeopleofScotlandtodecidewhatkindofgovernmenttheywant.Sheiscallingforareferendumtobeheldbetweentheautumnof2018,whenthereisclarityovertheoutcomeoftheBrexitnegotiationsbetweenBritainandtheEuropeanUnion,andaroundthepointatwhichBritainleavestheEUinspring2019.Scotland,saidSturgeon,wasstandingatahugelyimportantcrossroads.SturgeonsaidScotlandvotedby62percentto38percenttoremainintheEUandnowfacestheprospectofbeingtakenoutoftheEUagainstitswill.SturgeoninsiststheScottishgovernmenthasanunquestionablemandatetoholdanotherindependencereferendum."ThefutureofScotlandshouldnotbeimposeduponus,itshouldbethechoiceofthepeopleofScotland,"shetoldtheparliamentinEdinburgh,addingitwouldnotbeacceptablefortheBritishgovernmenttostandasaroad-blocktothewilloftheScottishparliament.(йлԴ)(α༭Ž)йתشĿڴݸϢĹ۵

µĶԳƲýͳҰȫ˹ڽύĿǰʱʵʩ׹ҲδԴ˷ʯ63ҺӴ񣩣ҾƼμӰɽӴÿλҪ4000ԪļѶȺܴ

ٽ˵ȫͬ潫սԻҶһǵDZȻĿǰҵչϺõĶΪֱӪģʽ

2017-03-1614:00:34һһӢ1802һƵķֱƵķ඼˼άѧʵΨ̽ʾ˼άڹϵʵں̺ʵĹϵڻ̸Խ򺫷ѰϺϵ֧

Anexhibitionthemedonwomen"slivesduringtheHan(206BC-220AD)andTang(618-907)dynastiesisongoingattheTianjinMuseum,whichisshowingnearly100piecesofexquisiteculturalrelics.Ancientpotteryfigurinesrelatingtofemales,aswellasgold,silverandjadeitemsandbronzemirrorsareonexhibit.Theexhibitionfeaturesthefirstfemale-themedshowintheTianjinMuseumanditispresentedincollaborationwiththeXi"anMuseum.Itrevealsthefashionablelifeofwomenintheancientcapital,Chang"an,throughclothing,makeup,scenesoffeasting,musicanddance.TheexhibitionwillrunthroughMay4.̨Ա޾ӢԼݡԼԼλӦͬعҹڻĻ͹ķչĿ¹淶ʱչĻͳĻĿӰӾƬͬƸ˼ĻȾɫIJֲΣδĽΥṫĻͳĻĿӦغͱȨ˺ͻĿλĺϷȨάƽĿȨӦĿϢҵϢЧͨͬϿռγɹľ԰ؿͨϷղгԾչַ֧ǹвݷչ

Twenty-threepeacekeepersreturnedtotheiroriginalunitsinZhejiangprovinceonMarch20,aftercompletingayearlongUnitedNationsmissioninLiberia.DuHengda,whowasselectedforthemissionin2015,wasoneofthem.WhenheappliedfortheUNwork,hisdaughterwastwo-month-old.Buthewasdeterminedtogoandhiswifesupportedhim,too.ThedayhedepartedforLiberiahappenedtobethefirstbirthdayofhisdaughter.DuringhispostingintheWestAfricannation,hemissedhisdaughteralot."Iwantedtogiveaspecialmementotomydaughter,"saidDu.Whilesomeofhiscompanionskeptadiarytorecordtheirmission,hechosetoexpresshisloveforhislittledaughterinsketches.Whenhewasnottoobusywiththemission,Duwoulddrawsomething.Whenhesawlittlelizardscrawlingaroundatataskzone,hedrewthemonthepaperandshowedhisworktohisdaughter.Similarly,whenhesawalotoffishintheAtlantic,hecapturedtheminhissketchandpresentedittohislittlegirl.Wheneverhemissedher,hewoulddrawaportraitofherandtalktotheimagejustlikehewouldspeaktoherinreal.Hedrewsomanyimagesthatbytheendoftheyearhisdrawingswerethickenoughtobecomeawholealbum.Dunamedthealbum--Youcallmedaddy,Icallthisjournalmybaby.Althoughthereisaneight-hourdifferencebetweenLiberiaandChina,Duandhisfamilystillmanagedtoholdvideochats.Hiswifeoftentoldhimstoriesabouttheirdaughter.Sometimeshespoketoherinherbabblingvoice.DuandhisteamreturnedtoChinainMarch.BeforeheresumedhisdutyasaborderguardofficeratapublicsecurityunitinZhoushan,northeastofZhejiangprovince,hewasgrantedleavetovisithome.DuboardedaflightboundforYantai--hishometowncityinShandongprovincewherehisfamilylives--onMarch21,withthealbumforhisdaughterinhisbag."She"stooyoungtounderstandthemeaningofthosepaintings,butI"msureshewilllovethemwhenshegrowsup,"saidhe.Du"steamwasthefourthsentbyChinatojointhepeacekeepingmissioninLiberia.AlltheChinesepeacekeeperswereawardedtheUNPeaceMedalofHonorfortheirservice,accordingtozjol.com.cn.19958Ǵ¥ս˾ˡȽˮ˽ӡһ־ԺĸʱʵսתΪԡȽˮ˽ӡΪеĴսһλǰرܲ칫Ҷ˵ĹӦ̱ʾö๩ӦѾͣعԼ˴ǰҪ

Atsixyearsold,ZhangBaolanstartedlearningtheartofcottonwooldrawingfromhergrandmotherandmother,whowerebothenthusiasticaboutpapercuttingsandfabricart."ThecottonwooldrawingsmadebymygrandmaandmotherwerequitesimpleandIstartedtomakeitmoreelegantandelaboratefrom1986whenmydaughterswenttouniversitiesandIhadmoretimetoworkontheart,"Zhangsaid.Nowthe69-year-old"scottonwooldrawingsarequitepopularoverseasandshehasbeeninvitedtoholdexhibitionsinseveralcountriesandregions.ManyofherartworksarecollectedbyartinstitutionsorprivatecollectorsintheUnitedStates,Germany,France,Singapore,HongKongandTaiwan.EventheformerUSpresidentBillClintoncollectedoneofhercottonwooldrawingsduringastatevisittoChinain1998.һϵͳĻԴйг΢ȳջֱ鲼

̳鴦ͳ깲31Һ͵195ý1082ߺýʿעᱨĿǰӪҵ̳ӪΪ321֤ȯձλھŸرܲ߷سеdzԱȹ˿Ͷ3.ÿ

ZhanjiangishonoredasoneoffirstChinesepilotcitiesintheUnitedNation"s(UN)SustainableUrbanDevelopmentandLivableGardenCommunityProgram(SUC).[Photo/zhanjiang.gov.cn]Zhanjiangstartedtheinitiativeofdevelopingafootprintcity,spongecityandcircularcityin2014,dedicatedtoimprovingthehappinessoflocalsthroughreducingcarbonemissions,bettersewagetreatmentandorderlyrubbishcollection.AccordingtotheSUC,Zhanjiangwillreceiveprofessionalguidanceforthenextthreeyearsfromitsexpertteamongreentransportation,recyclingeconomyandenvironmentalprotection.InternationalcooperationaswellastheexperienceofotherpilotcitiesaroundtheglobewillhelpimproveZhanjiang"ssustainabledevelopment.ɭдҵ321΢ɹɭдҵƬƣдҵʦͬѧáȻɭöļƻǶϵůǷǾջļ

ũҵ2017ũƷȫרη꽫ص㿪չũҩ⾫ÿҩũʴٵ7רжΪûκ˰Ǹ鷳еԶֵ鷳ȫǵѹͺܴЩǶǾܸõΪεɭ˴ηûչ

YetonSunday,somevisitorstotheparkphotographedmembersofafamilygettingofftheircar,notoncebuttwiceinsidethepark.Witnessessaythefamilyincludedatleastonecouple,aseniorcitizenandtwochildren.Attheinterventionoftheguards,theygotbackintothecarbutonlytogetoffagainandbeingforcedtogetintotheircarasecondtime.AlthoughtheparkannouncedonMondaythatitcanprotectvisitorsfromanyattackbecausetheanimalsaresegregated,thefamily"smovewasstilldangerousasthesecuritysystemisnot100percentfoolproof.What"sworse,theyinviteddangersasvisitorswerebannedfromgettingoffcarsonroadsforfearoftrafficaccidents.Theincidentsparkedfiercediscussionsonline,andmanynetizenscomparedittotwopreviousincidents.OnJuly23lastyear,awomansurnamedZhaowhogotoffhercarintheBadalingWildlifeParkwasdraggedawaybyatiger.Shewasmauledandseriouslyinjuredbythetiger,andhermotherdiedtryingtosaveher.OnJan19thisyear,amanclimbedoverawalltoenterthetigers"enclaveinYoungorZooinNingbo,EastChina"sZhejiangprovince.Themanwaskilledbythetigers,andoneofthetigerswasshotdeadduringtheoperationtorescuehim.Intheprevioustwotragedies,manypeoplesurprisinglydidn"tshowsympathyfortherule-breakers.Andthosenetizensthatcriticizedtherule-breakerssayingtherule-breakersdeservetobepunishedsparkedheateddebates.It"stime,however,thatChinesepeoplekeptinmindtheimportanceofobeyingrules.Whatmanypeopleforgetisthefactthatrule-breakersareanunnecessaryburdenonsociety.Topreventpeoplefromrepeatingthefatalmistakesofthevisitorsofsomevisitors,thewildlifeparkhastopostinnumerableguardsalongtheroads,whichinturnincreasesthepriceoftickets.Inotherwords,ordinaryvisitorshavetopayforthewrongdoingsofafewrule-breakers.Infact,manyadministrativemovesarenecessitatedtopreventafewfrombreakingrules.Mostpeoplepayforthemetroridestheytake.Still,everyonehastogothroughticket-checkingmachinesbecauseafewdonotpaythefare.Thismeansallpassengershavetopayfortheticket-checkingmachinesjustbecausesomecommutersbreaktherules.AftertheTempleofHeavenParkinBeijingstartedprovidingfreetissuepapersinitspublictoiletsaweekago,somemediareportssaidsomevisitorswereseentakinglargenumbersoftissuepapers.Todealwiththeproblem,theparkinstalledamachineinallthetoiletsinsidetheparkovertheweekend,andeveryonehastopassavideotesttogetacertainnumberoftissuepapers.Eveninthiscase,rule-breakers,whoarefewinnumber,haveincreasedthefinancialandsocialcostforall.Onlywhentherelatedauthoritiesdeviseamechanismtocompeltherule-breakerstopayfortheincreaseinmaintenanceandsecuritycostscantheyhelppeoplebetterunderstandtheimportanceofobeyingrules.TheauthorisawriterwithChinaDaily.zhangzhouxiang@chinadaily.com.cnԭ߻ϽһӻЧӲֽǶȰ3%߱Ƚ̨Ա޾ӢԼݡԼԼλӦͬعҹڻĻ͹ķչĿ¹淶ʱչĻͳĻĿӰӾƬͬƸ˼ĻȾɫIJֲΣδĽΥṫĻͳĻĿӦغͱȨ˺ͻĿλĺϷȨάƽĿȨӦĿϢҵϢЧͨͬϿռγɹľ԰

Premierlookstoexpandeconomicrelationships,strengthencooperationChinasaiditiswillingtoworkwithAustraliaandNewZealandtopushforanearlyagreementontheRegionalComprehensiveEconomicPartnership,asPremierLiKeqiangkicksoffavisittothetwocountriesonWednesday.Theeight-daytrip,thefirstbyaChinesepremierin11years,willsendapositivesignalthatChina,AustraliaandNewZealandwillpromotetheliberalizationoftradeandinvestmentamidtherisingtrendofprotectionism,Vice-ForeignMinisterZhengZeguangsaidonTuesday."Allthreecountriesarebeneficiaries,advocatesandparticipantsofAsia-Pacificregionalcooperation,"hesaid,addingthatChinaiswillingtomakeitscontributiontotheregion"seconomicdevelopmentandcooperation.WhileinAustraliafromWednesdaythroughSunday,LiwillmeetwithPrimeMinisterMalcolmTurnbullitwillbethefifthannualmeetingoftheChinesepremierandtheAustralianprimeminister.LiandTurnbullwilldiscussaligningtheirdevelopmentstrategies,promotingcooperationinareassuchastechnologicalinnovation,tradeandinvestmentandculturalexchanges.TheywilltalkaboutmakingbetteruseoftheChina-AustraliaFreeTradeAgreement,inplacesince2015,toproducemorebenefits,Zhengsaid.Two-waytradevolumebetweenChinaandAustraliaexceeded$107.8billionlastyear,farmorethanin1972whenthetwocountriesestablisheddiplomaticties.AccordingtoZheng,technologicalinnovationisanewhighlightofbilateraltalks,as"itcouldprovideastrongimpetustocooperationintradeandtheeconomy,aswellasotherareas"."WehaveconfidenceinChina-Australiaeconomicandtradecooperation,andwearewillingtotapitspotentialfordiverseandsustainabledevelopmentinthefuture,"hesaid.úԪػعֻгзΪȫ򾭼սıG20ΪʾúҪƽ̨Ӧ·淢Ӹƶһǿ

322Ϣҽҩֿۺϸĸŷ죨322գǰȫЭίԱʡίίڽܼ߲ɷʱʾۺϸĸչȻҪ֮׵ӦʱҪĻʦģʽͬıƵѪĽѵǰһĻȴòΪѺ

ǵ򵥵ʷֱйݹƺԲĸһ·ƿصòλɭɹγǣڶ˫ɳʧֻɭڶӪ˳õ˫ս22ƽ̳йȫֱרԶֽȫλIJɷñȫչʾйǰɫչ̬ȡõľ޴ɼԼƶɫ̬չļᶨ

׼¼ͶӦ֧ӶǵĶݲΪ򵥵ķҳ߼򵥵ƵԷḻݵĶַֻԽԽǿĽøϢ㵱δƶû23賿ԼֻΪáƷƽ̨ġŻظܻظӪ̸ҵȷ϶ֻŷ󶨸Ķμճġʱص¼°滷TIMEͻ

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һʱڵʯСӡСװƷϺͬѳ̨ԾС˵ڸͥϰƽ15ʱȥ±ũ7ʵӸ뵽ϰΪһת

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ξظ˱ʾȫιչԸܵطίҵʶش仯ۺϹִƵȷȡҪչӰԼҵչġϴѡҲ𲽽л񹲺͹Ժ߹Ȩصִл߹ίԱίԱƳ鳤аʵǻǿ

ԺԺ϶PDIҵ۹˾Ϊȷʵߵ֪ȨթΪά޼¼4Sϵͳܲ鿴ʸи۹˾⳥6ԪԤƻгÿտ16.4˿ÿ40ͿɷһƷּƶ

20Ҷ֮ǰʷϳĴ̬Ʒϵġģ¡˵Ʒ߹ϵġʵ˵Ʒҹϵġ˵Ʒġ͹˵̼乤лȡúݡȨ汣ع涨Ӫ߼乤Առ߸Ϣϸй¶ۻ߷Ƿṩ̼δͬʹϢַϢȫȨӦԺ߳е⳥ٹ̹ŵAjobseekerfillsupanapplicationformatajobfairinWenxiancounty,Henanprovince.[XuHongxing/ForChinaDaily]Astheeconomyhasenteredintoaphaseofre-balancingfromemergingtomoresustainableandinclusivegrowth,whichiscalledthenewnormal,theChineselabormarketmightalsobefacedwithnewchallenges.Totalpopulationoftheworkingagehasshownnegativegrowthsince2011,whichmeanssupplyanddemandtendstobemorebalanced.Thisnaturallyleadstolesscompetitionwithinthelabormarketingeneral,whilefocusneedstobeonsolvingproblemsofemploymentstructureandfrictionalunemployment.Frictionalunemploymentisanacademicdefinitionmeaningwhenworkersleavetheirjobstofindbetterones.It"susuallyavoluntaryexit,butcanalsooccurfromalayofforterminationwithcause.Thetime,effortandexpensesittakestheworkertofindanewjobiscalledfriction.Whilethisfrictionproblemmightbeamorecommondifficultyamongbothauthoritiesandemployees,withthedeepeningofreformandadjustmentofeconomicstructureprocessingcomprehensively,attentionisneededrelatingtothreeaspectsofemploymentcontradiction:First,withthestructuralreformcontinuing,dealingwithover-capacityindustriesandshuttingdownzombiecompaniesnaturallyleadstoproblemsofstructuralandfrictionalunemploymentforemployeesintheseareas.Forexample,someworkersmightbenotbeabletomeetnewrequirementswhentransferringtonewpositions,letaloneinsomeruralareas,whenpoorerfarmersmaystrugglewiththelackofnecessaryworkskillsorqualifications.Second,forsomepartsofthepopulation,theimprovementofemploymentqualityiscriticallyindemand.Thispopulationreferstoflexibleemployees,especiallymigrantworkers,whichaccountsfor36percentoftotalurbanemployment,butonly40percentofthemhavesignedlaborcontracts.Theycantfullyenjoypublicservicesandtheirparticipationinsocialsecurityprogramshavealowrate.Manyofthemhavestrongmotivationtocomebacktoruralareasassoonastheyareover40yearsold.Thisisadangeroussignofurbanizationsreverse,whichwouldfurtherworsenthelaborshortage.Third,newpatternsofemploymentsuchasinformalemploymentareincreasing,whichwouldchallengethetraditionallaborrightsprotectionsystemthatusuallysecurestheserightsbasedontheworkunit.Howtobroadenthebenefitcoverageforinformalemployeesisanissuethatbothersmanycountriesaroundtheworld.Measurestotacklethechallengescanalsobefocusedintothreeareas:First,policiesshouldbebetterformulatedtoachieveadelicatebalancebetweenlabormarketflexibilityandthelaborsecuritysystem.Workersneedtobeencouragedtolearnmoreprofessionalskills,andatthesametimeenterprisesshouldallocatesocialresourcesinthemostefficientway,whichcombinedcanimprovesocialproductivity.Forexample,reformofthehouseholdregistrationsystemshouldbemovedforward,reasonablemeasurescouldbetakentoguidethefarmpopulationflowintocities,whichwoulddefinitelyincreaselaborsupply.InstitutionalimprovementsliketheLaborLawamendmentarealsoneeded,tobetterprotectemployeesrights.Second,measuresinthelongrunshouldbefocusingonhumanresourceeducationandcultivation.Asmanyteenagersusuallytendtogiveupstudyingandenterthelabormarketatveryyoungage,theyaredestinedtostrugglecopingwithemploymentfluctuationinthefuture.Soacomprehensiveeducationalandtrainingsystemcoveringtheentiresocietyandallagerangesisvitallyindemand,especiallytoimproveworkersinnovationandemploymentskills.Third,ononehand,thestructuralreformneedstokeeppushingforward,whileontheotherhand,socialpoliciesneedtobeusedasaguaranteeforresidentsbasicstandardofliving.Sothepublicemploymentservicesystemshouldbeimproved,inordertoreducethetimeitcoststheunemployedtofindanotherjob.Andatthesametime,trytobreakinequalityofthecurrentsocialsecuritypublicservicessystem,whicharedividedbyruralandurbanareas,industries,identityandsexuality.Inoneword,alltheresidentscouldbenefitfromthereformsachievement.Confidencefromthepublicfortheauthoritytotackletheemploymentissueshouldbestrengthened;solidprogresshasbeengraduallyobtainedinrecentyears.In2016,100billionyuanofspecialfundstocompensateemployeesincuttingover-capacityindustrieswereallocatedfromthegovernment,andpoliciesaimedatmakingtheentrepreneurshipenvironmentmorelivelyhavealsoseenfruitfulachievements.WuZheyusre-writefromCaiFangsopinionarticlepublishedonPeoplesDaily.